Although both are relevant to the response of international community to gross human right violations, the latter only allows for collective use of force under the auspices of United Nations Security Council. Citing Nicholas J.
Bell et al. Introduction After the Pol Pot regime came to power, it committed serious atrocities against Cambodian civilian populations, starved, persecuted and executed nearly one forth of the whole Cambodian people.
Legal Framework of Humanitarian Intervention 1. The right has been raised by some states and scholars to justify several post-cold-war cases of using force against gross human right abuse,  with the most prominent case being NATO military campaign in Kosovo in As was retrospectively said by the Netherlands in the debate over NATO bombing in Kosovo, the Vietnamese intervention in Cambodia was a genuine humanitarian intervention. For the purpose of applying the legal framework to Vietnamese intervention in Cambodia in s, the following legal analysis will mainly focus on the rules, state practice and literatures before the end of Cold War, while neglect some recent relevant practice such as Kosovo bombing in and contemporary Syrian war.
However, the preparatory work of the Charter indicates that the inserting such phrase is to emphasize the two important attributes of statehood rather than provides exceptions to prohibition of use of force. Only the preamble of the Charter contains promotional and aspirational language on the protection of human rights which stands contrast to the obligatory language of Art.
Even during Cold War when the United Nations Security Council failed to function as envisaged, prohibition of intervention of whatever type was a general agreement among states, as demonstrated in 1 General Assembly resolution on Declarations on Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States  and the resolution on Definition of Aggression. However, Vietnam itself did not explicitly resort to the right of humanitarian intervention as a justification for its military operations in Cambodia.
Although some authors argued that Vietnam could have made a reasonable case of self-defense or humanitarian intervention to justify its military actions,  it is only the legal arguments raised by the Vietnam itself and general agreements among international community that are relevant for interpreting the legality of certain state practice. However, despite of the illegality of such military operations, certain military intervention for humanitarian purposes is considered as legitimate in the sense it impeded ongoing atrocities.
Effects of Humanitarian Intervention upon Ongoing Atrocities Third-party intervention affects the severity of ongoing atrocities in complex ways. While some argue that forceful intervention is a useful tool for mitigating mass atrocities,  others contend that military intervention can cause more harm than good.
As Doyle and Sambanis point out, military forces combined with human security mandates were the most successful in leading to improvements in human security. Whether the military intervention only had a humanitarian purpose;b. Whether the military intervention directly targeted the perpetrators of the atrocities;c.
The "smooth tautness" of Southeast Asian ideals of leadership emphasized by Anderson  , the idea that people come to a leader because of his attractiveness, his generosity and his knowledge was replaced by brute force. Pol Pot clearly knew that his words of discrediting the Vietnamese would be communicated to the CCP leaders when the delegation returned to Beijing. As Doyle and Sambanis point out, military forces combined with human security mandates were the most successful in leading to improvements in human security. Only a few members would be allowed to return to China at most. Log out of ReadCube.
About this product Product Information One of the most devastating periods in twentieth-century history was the rule of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge over Cambodia. From April to the beginning of the Vietnamese occupation in late December , the country underwent perhaps the most violent and far-reaching of all modern revolutions.
Edited by Karl D. Jackson. One of the most devastating periods in twentieth-century history was the rule of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge over Cambodia. These six essays search for what can be explained in the ultimately inexplicable evils perpetrated by the Khmer Rouge. One of the most devastating periods in twentieth-century history was the rule of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge over Cambodia. From April to the beginning .
These six essays search for what can be explained in the ultimately inexplicable evils perpetrated by the Khmer Rouge. Accompanying them is a photo essay that provides shocking visual evidence of the tragedy of Cambodia's autogecide.
The most important examination of the subject so far Without in any way denying the horror and brutality of the Khmers Rouges, the essays adopt a principle of detached analysis which makes their conclusion far more significant and convincing than the superficial images emanating from the television or cinema screen. Answers to questions such as 'What effect did Khmer society have on the reign of the Khmer Rouge? Additional Product Features Place of Publication.
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